Chikungunya is a viral disease that can be transmitted to humans by mosquito bites causing important symptoms like arthralgia and fever. It was discovered in 1952 when there was an outbreak in Tanzania. Chikungunya is an ARN virus member of the genus Alphavirus and the family of Togaviridae. It has been detected in more than 60 countries all over the world in the continents of Asia, Africa, Europe and America. The virus is transmitted by the female mosquito bite. They bite at anytime but they regularly do it during early morning or late afternoon. The incubation period ranges from one to twelve days but symptoms are shown from 4 to 8 days after the infected mosquito bite.
COMMON CHIKUNGUNYA SYMPTOMS:
The first symptoms include fever, and regular pain. Symptoms can also include:
• Arthralgia (common pain)
• Myalgia (muscle pain)
These are generally ephemeral symptoms people can improve after a few days but the disease may also extend for a few weeks or more. The virus can be acute, sub-acute or chronic.